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Ready for RED

Europäische Funkanlagen-Richtlinie (RED)

Ab dem 13. Juni 2017 muss jede Funkanlage, die am europäischen Markt platziert und in Betrieb genommen wird, der neuen Funkanlagen-Richtlinie entsprechen.

Ready for RED?

Die neue Funkanlagen-Richtlinie RED 2014/53/EU, die von der Europäischen Union am 16. April 2014 umgesetzt wurde, ersetzt die vorherige Richtlinie RTTED 1999/5/EG, besser bekannt als R&TTE. Veröffentlicht am 22. Mai 2014, trat die RED am 13. Juni 2016 in Kraft. Gleichzeitig galt eine einjährige Übergangszeit für Hersteller, um die neuen Anforderungen zu erfüllen. Die Funkanlagen-Richtlinie stellt höhere Anforderungen an Funkanlagen wie Rundfunkempfänger für digitales Fernsehen und Radio, Mobiltelefone, Satellitenempfänger und jegliche Geräte, die WLAN, Bluetooth oder ZigBee verwenden. Mit der Funkanlagen-Richtlinie müssen nicht nur Funksender sondern auch Funkempfänger ein Mindestmaß an regulatorischen Leistungsanforderungen erfüllen. Zudem müssen sie getestet werden.

RED requirements

Raising Requirements

Radio equipment must comply with the “essential requirements” covered in article 3 of the RED. Beside general requirements relating, for example, to the protection of health and safety covered by Article 3.1(a) and electromagnetic compatibility covered by Article 3.1(b), the RED also contains fundamental technical requirements covered by Article 3.2. While R&TTE mainly focused on radio transmitters, the new RED adds a crucial requirement and explicitly covers the receiver sections of radio equipment as well as mere radio receivers. Radio equipment must not only effectively use the radio spectrum, it must also support the efficient use of the radio spectrum to avoid interference with terrestrial and orbital communications.

Products Covered

In general, the RED covers all products and equipment that intentionally transmit or receive radio waves for communications or radio determination in the frequency range from almost DC to 3000 GHz. This is independent of the product’s primary function as long as it includes, for example, a cellular communications standard such as WCDMA and LTE, a non-cellular standard such as WLAN, Bluetooth and RFID, a broadcasting standard such as AM/FM, DAB, DRM and DVB-T/T2 or radar or satellite navigation for radio determination. Such radio equipment needs to achieve a minimum level of performance in terms of sensitivity and selectivity, which must be demonstrated by appropriate measurements.

Testing Needs

The manufacturer is responsible for ensuring that the radio equipment he designs and manufactures is in accordance with the essential requirements covered in Article 3 of the RED. If the radio equipment complies with the applicable harmonized standard published in the Official Journal (OJ) of the European Union, it is presumed to be in conformity with Article 3 of the directive. Several test cases described in the harmonized standards can be performed with manually operated test setups. More demanding test cases for complex radio equipment require automated test systems. Rohde & Schwarz supports a full range of test solutions to perform the required test cases.

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