The efficient AM suppression conformance test

Its dual-path concept plus its ability to duplicate baseband signals make the R&S®SMW200A vector signal generator ideal for efficient GSM/EDGE AMsuppression conformance testing.


Your task

Every GSM/EDGE base station system (BSS) has to prove compliance with a variety of transmitter and receiver test cases specified by 3GPP TS 51.021/ETSI TS 151 021 before it can be launched on the market.

One of these essential tests, the AM suppression test case, measures the ability of a BSS to receive a wanted GSM modulated signal without exceeding a given degradation level due to the presence of an unwanted GSMmodulated signal.

For wide area or medium range base transceiver stations (BTS) equipped with multi-carrier receivers, this test case is performed with the maximum supported number of wanted input signals or four, whichever is less.

The interfering signal is GMSK-modulated by a pseudorandom bit sequence and has one active timeslot. The timeslot (burst) is synchronized, but delayed between 61 and 86 symbol periods relative to the timeslot of the wanted signals.

Example of the AM-suppression test signals
Example of the AM-suppression test signals (MC receiver) according to 3GPP TS 51.021
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Several properly synchronized vector signal generators (VSGs) provide the required wanted signals to the receiver under test at a certain power level and frequency. An additional VSG delivers the specified modulated interfering signal (at a significantly higher power level) to the receiver.

The interfering signal’s impact on receiver performance is evaluated by simultaneously measuring BER/BLER on the wanted signals without reallocating any receiver resources during the test (done by the BTS).

The traditional approach of using up to five VSGs to provide the wanted and interferer signals over the specified frequency range makes the test setup complex to assemble and remote control and also costly.

SMW200A AM suppression system configuration
R&S®SMW200A AM suppression system configuration

T&M solution

The R&S®SMW200A vector signal generator is a compact solution for highly efficient wireless transceiver conformance testing in line with applicable standards (e.g. 5G, LTE, UMTS and GSM/EDGE) and customer-specific requirements.

Its extensive baseband capabilities (such as generation of multiple realtime baseband signals in combination with flexible assignment of frequency offsets) and the unique stream extender (R&S®SMW-K550) that allows duplication of generated baseband signals (streams) make the R&S®SMW200A an ideal solution for the GSM/EDGE AM suppression conformance test setup. And it only takes a few key presses to set up the entire test configuration.

First, three independent baseband generators A to C are allocated for GSM test signal generation by selecting a 3 × 1 × 1 system configuration.

Generators A and B, which are configured identically, are used to provide the wanted realtime GSM signals. Activating stream duplication immediately provides not only two but all four wanted signals (streams A to D). Baseband generator C calculates in parallel the framed GSM interferer signal (stream E) with the required burst delay.

SMW200A AM suppression stream mapper
R&S®SMW200A AM suppression stream mapper
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These tasks are easy with the stream mapper. The correct timing between all streams is achieved thanks to the exact internal triggering of the R&S®SMW200A baseband generators. All baseband streams are

  • are properly positioned within the receiver’s RF bandwidth by applying appropriate frequency offsets
  • are routed/mapped to the desired RF port
Compact AM suppression test setup
Compact AM suppression test setup

Finally, the RF level and frequency of the wanted and interferer signal have to be set in line with the standard. This outstanding configuration flexibility in combination with features especially tailored for wireless communications testing make the R&S®SMW200A an efficient onebox solution for performing AM suppression conformance tests on your GSM/EDGE transceivers.