6G WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY

6G wireless technology

On the verge of 6G?

Join us on the road to 6G

The basis for the next generation of wireless communication is in revolutionary technology components that demand new ways of testing

Every mobile network generation propels new features and a wealth of new opportunities. While the 5G New Radio (5G NR) network rollouts are in full swing, 6G is already starting to find its form.

Rohde & Schwarz has been closely involved in this process right from the start and actively supports the ongoing fundamental research activities at 6G organizations, universities and research institutes across Europe, in the US and Japan. Together with our partners and customers, we are actively adapting our test solutions to support this early research phase on what might be ultimately called 6G.

Main 6G testing research areas

What will constitute the technological backbone of 6G?

The academia and key industry players have identified several research areas for enabling the next generation of wireless communication.

A natural starting point is increasing bandwidth and boosting data throughput to new dimensions using (sub-)THz communication to propel 6G applications such as holographic communication and digital twinning. THz frequencies provide access to wider bandwidths. This opens up the possibility to change the way we will interact with our devices by further improving features like gesture recognition to support extended reality (XR)-based applications, for example the Metaverse.

Compared to previous mobile network generations, 6G will take advantage of joint communication and sensing that will integrate localization, sensing and communication into a future 6G standard.

5G Advanced already starts to pave the way for using artificial intelligence and its subset machine learning for the next generation of wireless communications. These preparations will allow a 6G network to learn at least partially to configure, optimize and heal itself instead of relying solely on complex preplanning procedures. As a next step it is expected that parts of the air interface, in particular signal processing algorithms, are supported and eventually replaced with machine learning models. Thus, a 6G wireless communication standard will natively support an AI-based air interface.

6G research also focuses on reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS), a novel way of supporting a wireless communication link by reflecting and actively steering an incoming signal off surfaces using meta materials. Whatever direction the technology is taking, Rohde & Schwarz is firmly in the forefront of 6G research. Early research as well as the arrival of 6G technology will require leading-edge test and measurement solutions to address a multitude of technical challenges. We are committed to overcoming these challenges to ensure an innovative outlook when shaping our wireless future.

#ThinkSix video series

#ThinkSix – Main 6G research ideas

Main 6G research ideas

5G network roll-outs and their optimizations are in full swing. Meanwhile, academia has started the fundamental research phase on what the next generation of wireless communications may encompass. In this video, we look at the main research areas for what we eventually call 6G.

#ThinkSix – Spectrum for 5G, Beyond 5G and 6G research

Spectrum for 5G, Beyond 5G and 6G research

Which frequency ranges are supported by 3GPP’s 5G New Radio standard and what is beyond them? In this video we analyze the current regulatory landscape for the spectrum beyond 100 GHz and take a closer look at D-Band, supporting frequencies from 110 to 170 GHz.

#ThinkSix – OTA measurements for sub-THz communication in D-band

OTA measurements for sub-THz communication in D-band

The D-Band, ranging from 110 GHz to 170 GHz, is a frequency band that a future 6G wireless communication standard may use for short-range communication, offering ultra-high data rates. This video demonstrates the R&S®ATS1000 antenna test system, now supporting frequencies up to 170 GHz.

On the verge of 6G? The 6G timeline

On the verge of 6G?

While release 16 of 3GPP's 5G NR standard is expected in September 2020, the educational sector is already discussing what is beyond 5G. This video explores a potential timeline for 6G, based on the experiences with 5G and 4G LTE.

#ThinkSix – Sub THz communications – a step towards 6G

Sub-THz communications – a step towards 6G

With advancing wireless communications, the need for higher bandwidths is growing. This ongoing process pushes the frequency boundaries into the sub-THz and THz frequency range. Find out more about the demonstrations by Rohde & Schwarz in this range.

6G white papers, webinars and more

White papers

White paper:

Fundamentals of THz technology for 6G.

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Webinar

Webinar:

The role of AI/ML in future wireless communication

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Webinar

Webinar:

THz communication - a key enabler for beyond 5G?

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poster

Poster:

Microwaves and beyond

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White papers

White paper:

5G evolution – on the path to 6G

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 Application Card

Application card:

Measure noise figure above 110 GHz

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 Application Note

Application note:

Measurement Setup for Phase Noise Test at Frequencies above 50 GHz

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Start 6G testing today

R&S®FSWP Phase Noise Analyzer

R&S®FSWP Phase Noise Analyzer and VCO Tester

The R&S®FSWP phase noise analyzer and VCO tester combines extremely low noise internal sources and cross correlation technology, delivering extremely high sensitivity for phase noise measurements up to 50 GHz, but also for frequencies up to 500 GHz while using external harmonic mixers.

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R&S®SMA100B

R&S®SMA100B

Performance leadership without compromise. The R&S®SMA100B RF and microwave signal generator is unchallenged in terms of output power, with the lowest harmonics and phase noise performance.

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R&S®FSW

R&S®FSW

The R&S®FSW is setting the bar high, providing excellent phase noise performance and is the signal and spectrum analyzer with the widest analysis bandwidth on the market.

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R&S®ZNA

R&S®ZNA

The R&S®ZNA provides unparalleled measurement flexibility, utilizing phase-stable and phase-coherent sources, a multiple LO architecture and a true multi-channel receiver design.

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R&S®ZCxxx Frequency converters

R&S®ZCxxx

The ZCxxx family of frequency converters deliver unprecedented performance in mmWave applications. High output power, wide dynamic range and measurement stability provide proven benefits in wideband applications.

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Frequently asked questions on 6G wireless technology

What is 6G technology?

6G is the sixth generation of wireless communications networks and will include several new technology components compared to previous generations. These are, for example, THz communication, joint communication and sensing, artificial intelligence and machine learning as well as reconfigurable intelligent surfaces.

How fast will 6G be?

While 6G will work on the same frequencies as 4G LTE (410 MHz to 6 GHz) and 5G New Radio (410 MHz to 7.125 GHz and 24.25 to 71 GHz) 6G will add the support for an additional frequency layer and support sub-THz frequencies. The reason is that 6G targets peak data rates of up to 1 Tbps and to achieve these data rates wider bandwidths of 8 GHz (or more) are required. These wide bandwidths are only available at these higher frequencies in the THz frequency range.

What is the difference between 5G and 6G?

6G wireless communication will include several technology components not available in today’s 5G standard. For example, support for THz based communication, joint communication and sensing, artificial intelligence and machine learning as well as reconfigurable intelligent surfaces.

When is 6G ready?

The typical technology cycle for a wireless communication standard is 10 years. 5G New Radio launched commercially in 2019. While 5G network deployments are in full swing and there is a clear evolution path for 5G, academic institutions and research institutes started fundamental research for the next generation of wireless communication, commonly known as 6G. Based on current industry predictions, commercial deployment of 6G wireless communication networks will start in late 2029 or early 2030.

What are the 6G applications?

6G will offer a vast range of new uses cases and applications, which include among others truly immersive extended reality, holographic communication including mobile holograms, digital twinning and replicas. Most of these applications have unprecedented performance requirements that cannot be fulfilled by today’s communication standards.

What frequencies will 6G use?

Similar to 5G New Radio standard, 6G will also take advantage of frequency range 1 (FR1) up to 7.125 GHz and frequency range 2 (FR2) mmWave from 24.25 GHz to 71 GHz. In addition, current research suggests that 6G will use THz frequencies and frequencies from 7.125 GHz to 24.25 GHz, often summarized as FR3

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ThinkSix Video Series

Webinar: The role of AI/ML in future wireless communication

Webinar: The role of AI/ML in future wireless communication

Watch this webinar and learn how AI/ML is used in today’s 5G mobile networks, its current status of the fundamental research for an AI-native air interface in 6G and what role test & measurement solutions play in this context.

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Webinar: THz communications

THz communication - a key enabler for beyond 5G?

Learn about technological aspects of over-the-air measurements in the sub-THz region with testing solutions from Rohde & Schwarz.

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Poster Microwaves and beyond

Poster

Microwaves and beyond

Our new poster summarizes the many size variations required to cover the bands up to 1.7 THz, including the frequency band designations D-Band and G-Band – potential sub-THz bands for upcoming gigabit communications beyond 5G.

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The evolution of 5G

White paper

5G evolution – on the path to 6G

Discover the technological requirements behind 6G and explore the evolution from 5G to 6G from a service, air interface and network perspective.